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Glossary of Terms

1. Absence
A student who is not in attendance for a class or school day for any reason, whether excused or not; provided that “absent” does not apply to participation in interscholastic extracurricular activities. Students are provided no more than fifteen (15) days per semester for interscholastic extracurricular activity absences.
2. Alternative Educational Setting (On Campus AES)
On campus AES refers to special education services provided on the campus where the student is currently enrolled for the duration of a suspension period of more than 10 days. Typically, on campus AES settings are for students suspended for violations that do not involve drugs, weapons, or serious bodily injury.
3. Arson
Maliciously, willfully and/or neglectfully starting, by any means, a fire or causing an explosion on school property or at any school-related activity. Arson I: less than $200 damage; Arson II: $200 to $999 damage; Arson III: $1000 damage or more.
4. Assault
A verbal threat or physical attempt of bodily harm.
5 Assault, Aggravated
Unlawfully assaulting or attempting to strike at another person with a weapon, instrument or any means of force likely to produce bodily injury. Assaults on staff members are included in this definition.
6. Battery, Aggravated
An actual and intentional touching or striking of another person against his or her will with the use of a weapon or intentionally causing bodily harm to an individual.
7. Battery/Fighting
Unlawful, intentional touching or application of force to another person, when done in a rude, disrespectful or angry manner.
8. Behavior Intervention Plan (BIP)
The documentation of interventions, methods and strategies that are used in the school environment to address the behavior issues impacting a student’s school success.
9. Bullying
Any severe, pervasive or persistent act or conduct that targets a student/group, whether physically , electronically or verbally. It may be based on a student’s/group’s actual or perceived race, religion, color, national origin, ancestry, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, physical or cognitive disability or any other distinguishing characteristic and can be reasonably predicted to place a student in reasonable fear of physical harm, cause a substantial detrimental effect on a student’s physical or mental health, substantially interfere with a student’s academic performance or attendance, or substantially interfere with a student’s ability to participate in or benefit from the services, activities or privileges provided by an educational institution. Cyberbullying means any bullying that takes place through electronic communication.
10. Bus Disruption
Deliberately or inadvertently interfering with the safe operation of a school bus, which is stopped, or moving; behaving in a manner adversely affecting an individual or any property on or near the bus itself, at bus stops or at pick-up areas.
11. Chronic Absenteeism
A student is chronically absent if they have missed 10% or more of classes or school days for any reason, whether excused or not, when enrolled for more than ten (10) days in the school. Students with chronic absenteeism receive early intervention strategies.
12. *Controlled Substance, Paraphernalia Possession***
Possessing any paraphernalia, such as but not limited to rolling paper, pipes or bongs.
13. *Controlled Substance, Possession***
Possessing any substance capable of producing a change in behavior or altering a state of mind or feeling; having a “look-alike,”**a substance that looks like a controlled substance.
14. *Controlled Substance, Sale or Distribution
Selling or distributing a substance capable of producing a change in behavior or altering a state of mind or feeling; including a “look-alike,”** or an item sold as a controlled substance.
15. *Controlled Substance, Use
Absorbing a substance capable of producing a change in behavior or altering a state of mind or feeling, including a “look-alike,”** or an item sold as a controlled substance.
16. Dress Code Violation
Non-compliance with specific school dress codes.
17.Excessive Absenteeism
A student who has been absent for twenty percent or more of classes or school days for any reason, whether excused or not, when enrolled for more than ten (10) days in the school. Students with excessive absenteeism receive early intervention strategies.
18. Expulsion
The removal of a student from all regular schools in APS for a period exceeding one (1) semester. In some cases expulsion may be a permanent removal from this school system.
19. Extortion
Using intimidation or the threat of violence to obtain money, information or anything else of value from another person.
20. False Accusations
False Accusations are defined in accordance with New Mexico Criminal Code Statute; falsely reporting crimes or purposely giving false information to a School administrator or other investigator during the process of an investigation.
21. False Alarm/Fire Alarm
Interfering with the proper functioning of a fire alarm system or pulling the fire alarm intentionally when no fire or other danger exists.
22. Firearm, Possession/Use***
Possession or use of any weapon, which will propel a projectile by the action of an explosive, and other weapons as defined in the United States Code: Title 18, Section 921. This definition does not apply to items such as toy guns, cap guns, bb guns, and pellet guns, but does include bombs, grenades and some explosives. (Also, see weapon possession.)
23. Functional Behavior Assessment (FBA)
A procedure by which problematic behavior is examined to determine the cause, consequences and nature of the behavior, in order to develop effective interventions to address that behavior.
24. Gang-Related Activity
Gang-related activity can be intimidating to students, faculty and staff and is disruptive to the educational process. Although this list is not all-inclusive, examples of inappropriate and unacceptable behaviors are such things as gang graffiti on school property, intimidation of others, gang fights and/or initiation rituals, wearing gang attire or “colors.” A “gang” can be any group of students and/or non-students whose group behavior is threatening, delinquent or criminal. Since gang behavior, markers and colors are variable and subject to rapid change, school administrators and staff must exercise judgment and their individual discretion based upon current circumstances in their neighborhood schools when evaluating gang-related activity. Gang-related indicators that will be considered should include:
  • The student associating with admitted or known gang members.
  • The student wearing attire consistent with gang dress.
  • The student displaying gang logos, graffiti and/or symbols on personal possessions.
  • The student displaying gang hand signs or signals to others.
  • The student talking about gang activities to others.
  • Hostile contact with others in which two or more students have contributed to a situation causing bodily harm on another.
25. General Disruptive Conduct and/or Defiance

Any behavior or conduct that disrupts or interferes with the operation of the public schools, including individual classes. This can also be behavior that leads a school authority to reasonably forecast that such an interruption or interference is likely to occur unless preventive action is taken. Refusing to comply with any reasonable demand or request by any school official or sponsor or lying to or intentionally misleading any school official at places and times where school personnel have jurisdiction is included in this definition.

For example: use of cell phone during instructional time; misuse of cell phones and other forms of technology (see the Board Policy and Procedural Directive, “Student Acceptable Use of Personal Electronic Devices”, for more information); failure to provide school identification upon request; dress code violation; inappropriate display of affection; making false accusations regarding staff or students; and so forth.

Note: It is the responsibility of the parent/legal guardian of the student to retrieve confiscated cell phones or other electronic devices according to the school procedures. The school may keep items for extended periods of time for repeat offenses.

26. Harassment
Any gesture or written, verbal or physical act that is reasonably perceived as being motivated by any actual or perceived characteristic, such as race, religion, national origin, sex, gender identity, sexual orientation or disability; which has the effect of harming another individual/group, damaging his/her/their property, placing the individual/group in reasonable fear, or has the effect of causing a disruption to the educational process. Inciting or encouraging others to commit such acts is also considered harassment.
  • Disability: Conduct including but not limited to the following: mocking, taunting, intimidating, criticizing, or punishing a student/group with a disability because of his/her/their disability. (See Section 504 and the Americans with Disabilities Act).
  • Sexual: Gender discrimination as defined in Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972. Examples include but are not limited to the following: sexual assault, unwanted touching, inappropriate comments or conversation, certain non-verbal behaviors and gestures, which threaten or belittle others on the basis of gender. (see Title IX, Students’ Rights) The school principal or designee should report incidents to the APS Equal Opportunity Services (EOS).
  • Racial: Conduct including but not limited to the following: racial slurs, racial jokes, offensive or derogatory remarks, display of racially offensive material or symbols, or exclusion from normal school activities.
27. Hate Incident
Criminal or non-criminal conduct that reflects hatred or bigotry based on real or perceived race, nationality, color, religion, sex, gender, sexual orientation, disability or other protected class.
28. In-School Suspension
Suspension of a student from one or more classes while requiring the student to spend time in a designated area at the school or elsewhere. In-school suspension shall include restorative practices and/or instruction.
29. Interim Alternative Educational Setting (Off Campus IAES)
Off campus IAES options are for students with disabilities whose continued presence on campus poses a safety risk. Off campus IAES settings are typically used when a student with a disability carries a dangerous weapon; uses, or is in possession of illegal drugs, or sells or solicits the sale of controlled substances (not including alcohol or tobacco); or has inflicted serious bodily injury upon another person.
30. Language, Profane and/or Abusive
Using language that is crude, offensive, insulting or irreverent; use of coarse words to show contempt or disrespect; swearing.
31. Materials, Obscene
Displaying material that is indecent and has the potential of being disruptive.
32. Out-of-School Suspension
Suspension of a student from one or more classes for no more than five (5) days and requiring the student to spend time outside of school. Out-of-school suspension includes all school related activities and counts towards a student’s chronic absenteeism totals, which may require targeted student interventions to improve student attendance.
33. Physical Restraint
The use of physical force without the use of any device or material that restricts the free movement of all or a portion of a student’s body, but “physical restraint” does not include physical escort.
34. Restitution
Compensation for loss or damage.
35. Restorative Practices
Restorative practices is a paradigm shift from traditional rule-based punitive discipline systems to a system that focuses on building, maintaining, and when necessary, repairing relationships among all members of a school community. The restorative approach is a set of guiding principles, which includes respect, relationships, responsibility, repair, and reintegration practices for the school community, which sees relationships as central to learning and the development of an inclusive, respectful, and safe culture.
36. Robbery
Taking of property of another through means of force or fear.
37. Search, Minimally Intrusive
Emptying of pockets, searches of student backpacks and purses, removal of hats, socks and shoes, conducted by any certified school employee, school security officer, campus security aide.
38. Search, More Intrusive
Pat downs and/or frisks, conducted by an authorized person of the same sex as the student being searched.
39. Search, Most Intrusive
A strip search shall be conducted only upon reasonable suspicion of a serious crime or a safety concern and shall be conducted by a school administrator or designee of the same sex and in the presence of another authorized person of the same sex.
34. Student in Need of Early Intervention (Truant)
A student who has accumulated five unexcused absences within a school year.
40. Suspension, Long Term
The removal of a student from instruction and all school-related activities for more than ten (10) days and up to the balance of the semester.
41. Suspension, Short Term
A suspension, not to exceed five school days, which is at the discretion of the administrator and will address behaviors that disrupt the educational process.
42. Tardy
When a secondary student (6th–12th grade) arrives to any class period or activity during the school day after the scheduled start time or when an elementary student (K–5th grade) arrives after the official start time of the school day. A tardy may not be recorded as an absence.
43. Theft
Unauthorized possession and/or sale of property of another without consent of owner.
44. Threats of Violence against the School and/or False Alarm
Threats of Violence against the school in any form, verbal, written or via social media.
45. Tobacco
Tobacco means any tobacco products made or derived from tobacco that are intended for human consumption, including any component, part or accessory of a tobacco product. This includes among other products, cigarettes, cigars, pipe tobacco, roll-your own tobacco, dissolvable tobacco and smokeless tobacco. E-cigarette means any electronic oral device, or any part of it, whether manufactured, distributed, marketed or sold as an e-cigarette, e-cigar, e-pipe or any other product, name or descriptor; but does not include any product regulated as a drug or device by the US food and Drug administration. Nicotine liquid container means a bottle or other container of any substance containing nicotine where the substance is sold marketed or intended for use in an e-cigarette.
46. Tobacco Possession***, Use and/or Distribution
Possession, use and/or distribution of tobacco, including all tobacco products, e-cigarettes, and nicotine liquid containers anywhere on a school campus or at a school related event is prohibited. In addition, students found in possession, distributing or using tobacco are subject to the provisions of the Substance Abuse and Tobacco Policy. Tobacco intervention and support resources are available and referral to intervention programs and/or Parent Involvement Program (PIP). Contact Health and Wellness Teams for information.
47. Trespassing/Unauthorized Presence
Entering or being on school grounds or in a school building without authorization.
48. Vandalism
Deliberately or maliciously destroying, damaging and/or defacing school property or the property of another individual. Vandalism I: less than $200 damage; Vandalism II: $200 to $999 damage; Vandalism III: $1000 damage or more.
49. Volunteer
An unsalaried person (parents, guardians, family, or community members) authorized by APS to perform volunteer services for the district more than once and/or on a regular basis.
50. Weapon Possession***
Possessing a weapon such as but not limited to: a firearm, any type of gun, knife, club, firecracker, explosive, spiked wristband, chains or other item that may cause or is intended to cause injury or death. This specifically includes “look-alike” guns and knives, such as toys. (Weapons covered by the Gun-Free Schools Act are defined under Firearm, Possession/Use.)
51. Weapon Use
Use of any weapon to threaten, intimidate, attack, injure or kill any person.


* Controlled Substance
Any narcotic drug, hallucinogenic drug, amphetamine, barbiturate, marijuana, alcoholic beverage or intoxicant of any kind.
** Look-alikes
”Look-alikes” are specifically included whether or not they are capable of producing a change in behavior or altering a state of mind.
”Possession,” as used herein, includes not only possession on one’s physical person, but also custody and control. Thus, a student may be found in possession of any item if the item is in the student’s backpack, locker, car or elsewhere, if subject to the student’s custody and control.