Administration of Medications at School - January 2007 Revision
The American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on School Health states that children are often able to attend regular school programs as the result of the effectiveness of medication in the treatment of illnesses and chronic disabilities. It has also been proven that students who are able to be medicated at school attain more regular attendance and increase their ability to achieve their optimum educational and social potential.
DEFINITION: A medication is any substance that is ingested, injected, inhaled, or used topically in the diagnosis, treatment and/or the prevention of disease. This includes prescription drugs, over-the-counter and non-prescription drugs. Medications may be authorized by health care providers who are licensed by the state of New Mexico to prescribe drugs. Medication authorizations are acceptable from licensed Medical doctors, Nurse Practitioners, Osteopathic Physicians and Physician’s Assistants.
Therefore, the following procedures will be followed when it is absolutely necessary for a student to take medication during school hours.
Procedure for Administration of Medications at School
a. The licensed school nurse will be notified immediately of the situation.
b. If licensed school nurse is unavailable, call the Nursing Department for assistance.
c. Only a licensed school nurse may telephone the physician for a (temporary) verbal medication order. l. Such verbal authorizations are valid for 5 days. 2. The nurse requests that the doctor send a written authorization to the school.
d. The parent/guardian may come to school and give medication until a verbal or written authorization can be secured by the licensed school nurse.
- Written or verbal consent by the parent/guardian, the non-prescription drug name, the dosage and time of administration.
- Adherence to ‘standing orders for over-the-counter medications’ in the New Mexico State School Health Manual.
- When a student is not competent to carry and administer over-the-counter or non-prescription drugs, a licensed school nurse will be requested to administer the medication according to the physician’s instruction.
- A secondary student may be permitted to carry a single dose of a short term prescription medication (excluding medication classified as a controlled substance). The medication must be carried in a pharmacy labeled container. Written permission of the parent/guardian must be filed in the health office.
- An APS employee will NOT send home with a student any excess medication which is classified as a controlled substance.
- An Individualized Healthcare Plan will be written, by the licensed school nurse if medication is to be given for longer than 10 school days. A copy will be filed with the health record in the cumulative folder, in the medication book, given and discussed with the parent and the appropriate school staff.
- The site principal is responsible to provide the equipment and materials necessary for the safe administration and documentation of these procedures.
- All directives and guidelines will be followed as stated in the APS Nursing Department Medication Procedure.
Cross Ref.: APS Authorization to Administer Medication form
Student Accident Form
NSBA/NEPN Classification: JLCD
Revised: May 1995
Revised: April 1996
Revised: May 1997